Introduction and Brief History of Roulette

Roulette comes from the French word which means "small wheel". It is a casino and gambling game. In this game a croupier facilitates the game and literally spins the wheel in one direction and then the croupier will spin the ball in the opposing direction. This is all done around a surface of circular shape.

The ball is suppose to run around the wheel's circumference then ball will inevitably fall onto the one of the 38 or 37 colored and numbered pockets of the wheel. The pockets around the wheel are not arranged in a numerical manner. The main ones are numbered from one until thirty six. The colors alternate between black and red. There are also times that some numbers in consecutive order carry the same hue. In the American Roulette, a green pocket marked 00 becomes the second pocket. In the standard roulette the green pocket is the zero number.

Players of roulette can bet on a variety of the inside bets by choosing on the number of the pocket which the ball will fall on. The outside bets are placed on the grouped pockets of colors or odd and even numbers. The payouts are based for the probability on each type. Casinos usually post a table of the maximum and the minimum bets as well as the set of rules that are applicable for all the players on the outside and inside bets for each spin.

Roulette was first made in France in the seventeenth century by Blaise Pascal, a mathematician. He got his inspiration in making the first roulette from his fascination in devices that moves in motion. As early as 1796 the game of roulette has been played in Paris, France. Another Frenchmen, Louis and Francois Blanc added the zero in 1842 to the wheel.

Their aim was to achieve the house advantage. The roulette was brought to United States in the early years of 1800s. This further increased the house odds. Another zero ,"00" was created. In the early forms of American roulette an American Eagles can replace the double-zero. The game became famous across United States and Europe. It became one of the most popular games in casinos. Some hail roulette as the "King of Casino games", perhaps because it had an association with the casinos of Monte Carlo, known for its glory and glamor.

Francois Blanc built their first casinos in Monte Carlo. An urban legend tells that Francois Blanc, arranged a deal with the devil to gain the secrets of the game. This legend is based on the fact that if one adds up all the numbers on the wheel, it would actually total to "666",which is a number associated with the devil.



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